Korean Clinical Psychology Association

Journal Archive

Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology - Vol. 38 , No. 2

[ Original Article ]
Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology - Vol. 37 , No. 2 , pp.177-186
ISSN: 2733-4538 (Online)
publication date 31 May 2018
Received 17 Oct 2017 Revised 16 Feb 2018 Accepted 17 Feb 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15842/kjcp.2018.37.2.005

Psychometric Properties of the Children’s Depression Inventory-2 among a Community-Based Sample of Korean Children and Adolescents
Hyo-Jeong Kim1, ; Eun-Ho Lee2 ; Soon-Taeg Hwang3 ; Sang-Hwang Hong4 ; Ji-Hae Kim1
1Department of Psychiatry, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul
2Depression Center, Department of Psychiatry, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul
3Department of Psychology, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju
4Department of Education, Chinju National University of Education, Jinju, Korea

Correspondence to : Hyo-Jeong Kim, Department of Psychiatry, Samsung Medical Center, 81 Irwon-ro, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, Korea; E-mail: mypaenna@gmail.com

© 2018 Korean Clinical Psychology Association


Childhood depression is a disorder with negative and long-lasting effects through to adulthood. At present, the Children’s Depression Inventory is the most globally used tool for evaluating depression in a pediatric group, and the Children’s Depression Inventory-2 (CDI-2) was developed considering a birth-cohort effect. The current study has two main objectives: (a) to investigate the psychometric properties of the self-rated version of the CDI-2 and (b) to investigate its factorial structure in Korean nonclinical children and adolescent populations. A convenient sample considering age, sex, and area was used. The total sample comprised 1,036 children and adolescents aged 7 to 17 years living in 3 different areas. The psychometric properties of the CDI-2, including internal consistency, interrater reliability, and concurrent validity, were evaluated. Exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM) analysis was also conducted to determine the internal structure of the CDI-2 for Korean children and adolescents. The gender difference was is significant, and age also affected the total score. The interaction effect of age and sex in the total score is statistically significant. The Korean CDI-2 appeared to have good internal consistency. Correlations among the CDI-2 scores of self-report, parent-report, and teacher-report forms were statistically significant and moderate in size. ESEM analysis demonstrated that a two-factor structure could be a best-fit model for our sample. The sample of the study consisted entirely of non-clinical children and adolescents, and therefore more researches targeting the clinical population are necessary to generalize these results. Future studies could identify a cut-off score or predictive validity.

Keywords: child depression inventory, korean adolescent, childhood depression, CDI-2


Portions of this research were presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association, Washington, August, 2017.

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