Korean Clinical Psychology Association

Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology - Vol. 40 , No. 3

[ Original Article ]
Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology - Vol. 40, No. 3, pp.221-234
Abbreviation: KJCP
ISSN: 1229-0335 (Print) 2733-4538 (Online)
Print publication date 30 Aug 2021
Received 23 Feb 2021 Revised 08 May 2021 Accepted 17 May 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15842/kjcp.2021.40.3.004

흡연경고자극에 대한 흡연자들의 자동적 접근-회피 경향성
장지혜 ; 윤혜영
계명대학교 심리학과

Approach-Avoidance Bias Among Smokers Towards Pictorial Health Warnings
Ji Hye Jang ; Hyae-young Yoon
Department of Psychology, Keimyung University, Daegu, Korea
Correspondence to : Hyae-young Yoon, Department of Psychology, Keimyung University, 1095 Dalgubeol-daero, Daegu, Korea; E-mail: hoggert1@kmu.ac.kr


© 2021 Korean Clinical Psychology Association

초록

본 연구에서는 접근-회피 과제를 활용하여 흡연경고자극에 대한 흡연자의 접근-회피 편향을 검토하고자 하였다. 이를 위해 흡연자(하루 20개비 미만 담배 피우는 남자 대학생, n=19)와 비흡연자(평생 5개비 미만 담배 피운 남자 대학생, n=19)를 대상으로, 컴퓨터 기반 접근-회피 과제(AAT)를 실시한 후, 회피 반응시간과 접근 반응시간에 대한 AAT 지수를 산출하였다. 실험 결과, 흡연자는 비흡연자보다 흡연경고자극에 대해 유의하게 회피 편향성이 높았으며, 중립자극에 대해서는 집단 간 차이가 없었다. 또한 흡연자는 흡연경고자극에 대한 접근 편향성이 비흡연자보다 느린 경향이 있는 것으로 나타났다. 마지막으로 연구의 임상적 함의와 제한점 및 후속 연구에 대한 제언을 제시하였다.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the approach-avoidance bias among smokers towards pictorial health warnings. For this purpose, a computer-based Approach-Avoidance Task (AAT) was conducted for smokers (male college students who smoked less than 20 cigarettes per day, n=19) and non-smokers (male college students who smoked less than 5 cigarettes over their entire lives, n=19), and the AAT score was calculated. Results showed that smokers were significantly more likely to avoid smoking warning stimuli than non-smokers, however, there was no difference between groups for neutral stimuli. Smokers also tended to have slower approach bias to smoking warning stimuli than non-smokers. Finally, we present the clinical implications and limitations of this study and provide suggestions for subsequent studies.


Keywords: pictorial health warning, smoking warning stimulus, approach-avoidance bias, approach-avoidance task, antismoking
키워드: 담뱃갑 경고그림, 흡연경고자극, 접근-회피 편향, 접근-회피 과제, 금연

Acknowledgments

This research was based on the first author’s master’s thesis, and the part of this paper was published in poster session presented at the 74th Conference of Korean Psychological Association, 20th–22th August 2020.

Author contributions statement

Ji Hye Jang, graduate student at Keimyung University, collected and analyzed data, and led manuscript preparation. Hyae-young yoon, associate professor at Keimyung University, supervised the research process. All authors provided critical feedback, participated in revision of the manuscript, and approved the final submission.


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