|About the Journal||Editorial Board||For Contributors||Browse Archives||Ethical Principles|
You are not permitted to access the full text of articles.
If you have any questions about permissions,
please contact the Society.
회원님은 논문 이용 권한이 없습니다.
권한 관련 문의는 학회로 부탁 드립니다.
|[ Original Article ]|
|Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology - Vol. 39 , No. 4
|ISSN: 2733-4538 (Online)|
| publication date 30 Nov 2020|
|Received 09 Sep 2020 Revised 23 Oct 2020 Accepted 28 Oct 2020|
|대구 지역 지원자의 경험으로 배우는 Post–COVID-19 장애인 포괄 공동체 회복력 탐색|
김자혜 ; 정지인 ; 한혜빈 ; 최현정 †
Exploring Disability Inclusive Community Resilience Post–COVID-19 Learning from Experiences of Caregivers in Daegu Region
Jahye Kim ; Giin Jung ; Hyebin Han ; Hyunjung Choi†
|Department of Psychology, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Korea|
|Correspondence to : †Hyunjung Choi, Department of Psychology, Chungbuk National University, 1 Chungdae-ro, Seowon-gu, Cheongju, Korea; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org|
© 2020 Korean Clinical Psychology Association
Funding Information ▼
본 연구는 “평등한 회복력 나눔 READY (Resilience Equality Across Disability): 장애인 재난 대응 지침 개발” 프로젝트의 일부 자료를 분석한 탐색적 연구로서 대구 지역 지원자의 COVID-19 경험을 통해 Post–COVID-19 장애인과 공동체 회복력에 영향을 주는 요소를 밝히고자 하였다. 본 연구는 COVID-19 팬데믹 초기 경험에 관한 기초 연구로 2020년 2월 감염이 폭발했던 대구지역의 경험을 탐색하였다. 총 4명의 대구지역 장애인 지원자와 심층 인터뷰를 진행하였고 자료를 질적 분석하였다. 분석 결과 123개의 하위 주제와 32개의 상위 주제를 포함한 총 7개의 범주를 발견하였다. 범주로는 ‘COVID-19 정보 습득에서 배제와 자구책’, ‘사회적 거리두기에서 무너지는 장애인과 가족의 삶’, ‘초기 자가격리 상황에서 정부 대응 부재와 민간 중심의 대처 및 한계’, ‘확진 상황에서 병원 이동이 막힘’, ‘확진자 장애인의 병원 내 생활지원 고립’, ‘장애인과 지원자의 코로나 암흑 경험과 연결감’, ‘장애인권 향상 연속선에서 감염병 대응정책 제안’이 확인되었다. 이어서 장애인과 공동체가 대응했던 구체적 실행, 성과와 교훈을 바탕으로 Post–COVID-19에서 장애인 재난재해 대비 및 대응에 시사점과 제언을 제시하였다.
This exploratory study is part of the Resilience Equality Across Disability (READY) Project, which is aimed to establish disaster response guidelines for people with disabilities and seek factors enhancing disability inclusive community resilience Post– COVID-19. This preliminary work focused on the early period of the COVID-19 pandemic, exploring the February 2020 experiences of Daegu, which faced a devastating outbreak. A qualitative analysis of in-depth interviews with four caregivers of people with disabilities was conducted. Analyses revealed seven categories, including 32 clusters of themes and 123 subthemes. The revealed categories were as follows: “Exclusion from accessing information and self-solutions,” “Collapse of people with disabilities and their families under social distancing,” “Responses and limitations in the private sector while lacking governmental responses during the early period of self-quarantine,” “Barriers to hospitalization of COVID-19 patients,” “Isolation from daily assistance while being hospitalized,” “Experience of the corona darkness and connection among people with disabilities and their caregivers,” and “Infectious disease disaster response policies in coherence with promoting disability rights.” Further, implications and suggestions were made concerning disability-inclusive disaster preparedness and response, learning from the strategies, achievements, and lessons from the community of people with disabilities.
|Keywords: disability, COVID-19, disaster, community resilience, qualitative analysis
키워드: 장애, COVID-19, 재난, 공동체 회복력, 질적분석
This study was supported by the Daum Foundation, Seoul.
Jahye Kim, M.A., a doctoral student at Chungbuk National University, conducted the interviews, analyzed data, and prepared the manuscript. Giin Jung and Hyebin Han, both a graduate student at Chungbuk National University, analyzed data and prepared the manuscript. Hyunjung Choi, Ph.D., assistant professor at Chungbuk National University, conceived the research, participated in data analysis, and revised the manuscript. All authors have none to declare and all approved the final submission.
|1.||Adger, W. N. (2000). Social and ecological resilience: Are they related? Progress in Human Geography, 24, 347-364. https://doi. org/10.1191/030913200701540465.
|2.||Beggs, J. J., Haines, V. A., & Hurlbert, J. S. (1996). Situational contingencies surrounding the receipt of informal support. Social Forces, 75, 201-222. https://doi.org/10.1093/sf/75.1.201.
|3.||Bonanno, G. (2004). Loss, trauma, and human resilience: Have we underestimated the human capacity to thrive after extremely aversive events? American Psychologist, 59, 20-28. https://doi.org/ 10.1037/0003-066X.59.1.20.
|4.||Bruneau, M., Chang, S. E., Eguchi, R. T., Lee, G. C., O’Rourke, T. D., Reinhorn, A. M., ... & Von Winterfeldt, D. (2003). A framework to quantitatively assess and enhance the seismic resilience of communities. Earthquake Spectra, 19, 733-752. https://doi. org/10.1193/1.1623497.
|5.||Butler, L., Morland, L., & Leskin, G. (2007). Psychological resilience in the face of terrorism. Psychology of Terrorism, 25, 400-417. https://doi.org/10.1093/med:psych/9780195172492.003.0025.
|6.||Fox, M. H., White, G. W., Rooney, C., & Rowland, J. L. (2007). Disaster preparedness and response for persons with mobility impairments: Results from the University of Kansas nobody left behind study. Journal of Disability Policy Studies, 17, 196-205. https://doi.org/10.1177/10442073070170040201.
|7.||Godschalk, D. R. (2003). Urban hazard mitigation: Creating resilient cities. Natural Hazards Review, 4, 136-143. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)1527-6988(2003)4:3(136).
|8.||Gyeonggi Research Institute, Corona 19 generation, how is your mental health! (2020). Retrieved from https://www.gri.re.kr/%ec%9d%b4%ec%8a%88-%ec%a7%84%eb%8b%a8/?pageno=2&ptype2=&sc=&sv=&limit=10&searchcode=&pcode=&brno=14489&prno=20200231.|
|9.||Heo, S. Y., & Choi, H. J. (2017). Intervention principles promoting community resilience after disasters: A systematic review. Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology, 36, 255-282. https://doi.org/10. 15842/kjcp.2017.36.2.009.
|10.||Holt-Lunstad, J., Smith, T. B., & Layton, J. B. (2010). Social relationships and mortality risk: A meta-analytic review. PLoS medicine, 7, e1000316. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000316.
|11.||Human Rights Sarangbang, A world read by human rights: Corona 19, why did it become a disaster? (2020). Retrieved from https://www.sarangbang.or.kr/writing/73160.|
|12.||Jones, N. (2005). The Americans with Disabilities Act and emergency preparedness and response (Report No. RS22254). Washington D.C: Congressional Research Service.|
|13.||Kaniasty, K., & Norris, F. H. (1995). In search of altruistic community: Patterns of social support mobilization following Hurricane Hugo. American Journal of Community Psychology, 23, 447-477. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02506964.
|14.||Kang, H. M. (2020, Feburary 21). Ministry of Health and Welfare “In the Corona 19 situation, people with disabilities are supported 24 hours a day for activity support during self-quarantine.” Beminor. Retrieved from http://beminor.com/detail.php?number=14373&thread=04r03.|
|15.||Korstjens, I., & Moser, A. (2018). Series: Practical guidance to qualitative research. Part 4: Trustworthiness and publishing. European Journal of General Practice, 24, 120-124. https://doi.org/10.10 80/13814788.2017.1375092.
|16.||Kwon, J. H. (2020, March 2). Appeal for practical counterplan for the people with disabilities in self-quarantine. Able News. Retrieved from http://abnews.kr/1Pze.|
|17.||Lee, E. H. (2020, April 28). “Corona19, Dark Zone for the People with Disabilities” forum of the Daegu Human Rights Commission. Newsis. Retrieved from https://news.v.daum.net/v/20200-428202441189#none.|
|18.||Lee, N. I. (2019). Phenomenology and Qualitative Research for Phenomenological Qualitative Research Auditors. Qualitative Research, 20, 1-14. http://doi.org/10.22284/qr.2019.20.1.1.|
|19.||Lee, N. I. (2014). Phenomenology and Qualitative Research: One Aspect of Applied Phenomenology. Gyeonggi, Korea: Hangilsa publications.|
|20.||Lee, S. C. (2020). Corona19, Analysis of Major Issues on Daegu’s Initial Response. Korean Administrative Research, 29, 1-42. http://doi.org/10.22897/kipajn.2020.29.3.001.|
|21.||Lincoln, Y. G., & Guba, E. (1985). Naturalistic Inquiry. Newbury Park, California: Sage Publications. https://doi.org/10.1002/97 81405165518.wbeosn006.|
|22.||Longstaff, P. H. (2005). Security, resilience, and communication in unpredictable environments such as terrorism, natural disasters, and complex technology. Center for Information Policy Research, Harvard University. Cambridge, MA.|
|23.||Lee, J. S. (2020, Feb 27). Daenam Hospital, where the death toll has continued… Why is that?. MBC News, Retrieved from https://imnews.imbc.com/replay/2020/nwtoday/article/5665906_32531.html.|
|24.||Morrow, S. L. (2005). Quality and trustworthiness in qualitative research in counseling psychology. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 52, 250-260. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0188.8.131.52.
|25.||Morrow, R., Rodriguez, A., & King, N. (2015). Colaizzi’s descriptive phenomenological method. The Psychologist, 28, 643-644.|
|26.||Paterson, B. L., Thorne, S. E., Canam, C., & Jillings, C. (2001). Meta- study of qualitative health research: A practical guide to metaanalysis and meta-synthesis (Vol. 3). Newbury Park, California: Sage Publications. https://doi.org/10.1108/ijhcqa.2001.06214fae. 007.
|27.||National Law Information Center. Framework Act on the Management of Disasters and Safety. (2015). Retrieved from http://www.law.go.kr/main.html.|
|28.||National Human Rights Commission of the Republic of Korea. (2019). A Survey on the Implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the People with Disabilities [Data file]. http://humanrights.go.kr/site/main/index001.|
|29.||Nault, K. A., Rogers, B. A., Sezer, O., & Klein, N. (2020). Behavioral insights for minimizing loneliness during the COVID-19 pandemic. Behavioral Science & Policy. Retrieved from https://behavioralpolicy.org/journal_issue/covid-19/.|
|30.||Norris, F. H., Stevens, S. P., Pfefferbaum, B., Wyche, K. F., & Pfefferbaum, R. L. (2008). Community resilience as a metaphor, theory, set of capacities, and strategy for disaster readiness. American Journal of Community Psychology, 41, 127-150. https://doi. org/10.1007/s10464-007-9156-6.
|31.||Person, C., & Fuller, E. J. (2007). Disaster care for persons with psychiatric disabilities: Recommendations for policy change. Journal of Disability Policy Studies, 17, 238-248. https://doi.org/10.1177/1 0442073070170040701.
|32.||Pfefferbaum, B. J., Reissman, D. B., Pfefferbaum, R. L., Klomp, R. W., & Gurwitch, R. H. (2008). Building resilience to mass trauma events. In L.S. Doll, S. E. Bonzo, D. A. Sleet, & J. A. Mercy. (Eds.) Handbook of injury and violence prevention (pp. 347-358). Boston, MA: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-29457-5_19.
|33.||Quail, J., Barker, R., & West, C. (2018). Experiences of individuals with physical disabilities in natural disasters: An integrative review. Australian Journal of Emergency Management, 33, 58-63.|
|34.||Quarantelli, E. L. (1999). What is a disaster: Perspectives on the question. Disaster Prevention and Management: An International Journal, 8, 370-452. https://doi.org/10.1108/dpm.19184.108.40.2060.3.
|35.||Rooney, C., & White, G. W. (2007). Consumer perspective: Narrative analysis of a disaster preparedness and emergency response survey from persons with mobility impairments. Journal of Disability Policy Studies, 17, 206-215. https://doi.org/10.1177/10442 073070170040301.
|36.||Rutter, M. (1993). Resilience: Some conceptual considerations. Journal of Adolescent Health. 14, 626-631. https://doi.org/10.1016/ 1054-139X(93)90196-V.
|37.||Singh, S. (2020). Disability ethics in the coronavirus crisis. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care, 9, 2167. https://doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_588_20.
|38.||Suri, H. (2011). Purposeful sampling in qualitative research synthesis. Qualitative Research Journal, 11, 63.
|39.||Taylor, M., & Jenkins, K. (2004). The psychological impact of September 11 terrorism on Australian inpatients. Australasian Psychiatry, 12, 253-255. https://doi.org/10.1080/j.1039-8562.2004. 02098.x.
|40.||Tobin, G. A., & Whiteford, L. M. (2002). Community resilience and volcano hazard: The eruption of Tungurahua and evacuation of the faldas in Ecuador. Disasters, 26, 28-48. https://doi.org/ 10.1111/1467-7717.00189.