Korean Clinical Psychology Association

Current Issue

Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology - Vol. 40 , No. 4

[ Original Article ]
Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology - Vol. 40, No. 4, pp. 331-342
Abbreviation: KJCP
ISSN: 1229-0335 (Print) 2733-4538 (Online)
Print publication date 30 Nov 2021
Received 09 Jul 2021 Revised 12 Oct 2021 Accepted 14 Oct 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15842/kjcp.2021.40.4.001

Longitudinal Effects of Perceived Parental Overprotection on Korean Male Adolescents’ Academic Achievement
Soohyun Shin1 ; Yung Jae Suh1 ; JooYoung Lee2 ; Kyong-Mee Chung1,
1Department of Psychology, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea
2Department of Child Development and Education, Dongduk Women’s University, Seoul, Korea

Correspondence to : Kyong-Mee Chung, Department of Psychology, Yonsei University, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, Korea; E-mail: kmchung@yonsei.ac.kr

© 2021 Korean Clinical Psychology Association
Funding Information ▼


This study aimed to investigate the trajectories of academic achievement of male Korean high school students over a period of 3 years and the effects of perceived parental overprotection. 539 Participants completed the Korean Version of the Parental Bonding Instrument at the beginning of the study, and their language and mathematics scores from the National Achievement Test were recorded every semester for 3 years (n=494 for language and n=493 for mathematics). Latent growth curve models, latent class growth analysis, and multinomial logistic regression analysis were conducted to evaluate the longitudinal data. The results showed an overall decline in academic scores in both subjects; in addition, three latent classes for language scores and four latent classes for mathematics scores were identified. For language, higher maternal overprotection was negatively associated only with Time 1 scores, collected at the beginning of the first year of high school, while higher paternal overprotection was negatively associated with Time 1 scores, as well as changes over time. Higher maternal or paternal overprotection increased the possibility of having lower language scores at Time 1. For mathematics, only higher paternal overprotection was negatively associated with Time 1 scores and changed over time, in addition to increased chances of having lower mathematics scores at Time 1. The results indicate that parental overprotection, especially that of the father, negatively affected male high school students’ academic achievement, suggesting a new perspective of interpreting fathers’ role in sons’ academic achievement in Korean culture, in which mothers’ roles have been emphasized.

Keywords: perceived parental overprotection, academic achievement, male adolescents, growth curve modeling, latent class identification


This research was supported by a grant from the Bio & Medical Technology Development Program, funded by the National Research Foundation of Korea, Republic of Korea (no. 07-2021-3009).

Author contributions statement

Soohyun Shin, a graduate student at Yonsei University, collected and analyzed the data and prepared the manuscript. Yungjae Suh, a graduate student at Yonsei University, assisted in analyzing the data and writing the discussion part of the manuscript. JooYoung Lee, a professor at Donduk Women's University, provided significant consultation for data analysis. Kyong-mee Chung, professor at Yonsei University, served as the principal investigator of the research grant and supervised the research process. All authors provided critical feedback, participated in the revision of the manuscript, and approved the final submission.

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