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|[ Original Article ]|
|Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology - Vol. 40, No. 2, pp.143-155|
|ISSN: 1229-0335 (Print) 2733-4538 (Online)|
|Print publication date 30 May 2021|
|Received 10 Nov 2020 Revised 01 Feb 2021 Accepted 25 Feb 2021|
|고통 과잉 감내 척도의 타당화 연구: 한국 대학생 집단을 대상으로|
이동현 ; 김향숙†
Validation of the Korean Version of the Distress Overtolerance Scale
Dong Hyun Lee ; Hyang Sook Kim†
|Department of Psychology, Sogang University, Seoul, Korea|
|Correspondence to : †Hyang Sook Kim, Department of Psychology, Sogang University, 35 Baekbeom-ro, Mapo-gu, Seoul, Korea; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org|
This article has been produced as part of the first author’s master thesis under the supervision of the second author.
© 2021 Korean Clinical Psychology Association
고통 과잉 감내의 경향성은 안녕감이 저하됨에도 불구하고 부정 정서를 참아내는 심리적 특성을 의미한다. 이러한 고통 과잉 감내의 성향은 개인의 정신 건강에 상당한 영향을 미치는 것으로 알려져 있으나 국내에서는 연구가 미비한 실정이다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 부정적인 정서를 지속적으로 참아내는 경향성을 측정하기 위해 Gorey, Rojas와 Bornovalova (2016)가 개발한 고통 과잉 감내 척도(Distress Overtolerance Scale)를 번안하고 한국 대학생을 대상으로 타당화하였다. 이를 위해 서강대학교 학부생 286명을 대상으로 고통 과잉 감내 척도, 고통 감내력 척도, 투지(grit) 척도, 단축형 간이정신건강진단검사 우울 및 불안 척도, 인지적 유연성 척도와 알코올 자기조절 척도를 실시하였으며 AMOS 20.0과 SPSS 21.0을 사용하여 확인적 요인분석과 상관 분석을 시행하였다. 그 결과, 원척도에서 도출한 2요인 구조를 토대로 고통 과잉 감내 척도의 타당도, 적합도와 내적 합치도가 적절한 수준임을 확인하였다. 또한 상관 분석을 통해 고통 과잉 감내와 다른 심리변인과의 개념적 관련성을 수렴 및 변별 타당도를 통해 살펴본 결과, 고통 과잉 감내는 우울, 불안과는 정적 상관을 나타낸 한편 고통 감내력, 인지적 유연성과는 부적 상관을 나타냈다. 본 연구 결과는 고통 과잉 감내 설문지가 신뢰롭고 타당한 측정도구로서 사용 가능함을 시사한다. 또한, 고통 감내력이 과도한 경우 부적응적인 심리 증상과 결부될 수 있으므로 이에 기반을 둔 치료적 개입의 필요성을 시사한다. 마지막으로 본 연구의 한계 및 후속 연구를 위한 제언에 대하여 논의하였다.
Distress overtolerance consists in a tendency to tolerate extreme levels of distress despite the negative consequences on one’s well-being. The present study examined and validated the Korean version of the Distress Overtolerance Scale (Gorey, Rojas, & Bornovalova, 2016). For this purpose, survey data from 286 university students were analyzed. A confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to identify the latent structure of the Korean version of the Distress Overtolerance Scale (K-DOS). Further, its convergent and discriminant validities were examined through a correlation analysis including the Grit Scale, Depression and Anxiety items of the Brief Symptoms Inventory, Cognitive Flexibility Scale, and Failed Control items of the Impaired Control Scale. The results of the confirmatory factor analysis based on a two-factor structure supported the validity, goodness of fit, and internal consistency of the K-DOS. Additionally, distress overtolerance showed a positive correlation with depression and anxiety, and a negative correlation with distress tolerance and cognitive flexibility. These findings suggest that the KDOS is a reliable and valid measure. This study also suggests that if the level of tolerating emotional distress is exceedingly high, it can be related to maladaptive psychological symptoms, including depression or anxiety. Finally, the limitations of the present study and suggestions for future studies are discussed.
|Keywords: distress overtolerance, confirmatory analysis, validation of scale
키워드: 고통 과잉 감내, 확인적 요인분석, 척도 타당화
Dong Hyun Lee, who is now a graduate student at Sogang University and clinical psychology resident at Chung-Ang University Hospital, generated the research idea, collected and analyzed data, and wrote the manuscript. Hyang Sook Kim, an associate professor at Sogang University, was involved with the conception and design of the study and supervised the research process. Also, Hyang Sook Kim provided critical feedback, participated in revision of the manuscript, and approved the final submission.
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