Korean Clinical Psychology Association

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Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology - Vol. 40 , No. 1

[ Original Article ]
Korean Journal of Clinical PsychologyVol. 40, No. 1, pp.12-28
Abbreviation: KJCP
ISSN: 1229-0335 (Print) 2733-4538 (Online)
Print publication date 28 Feb 2021
Received 26 Jun 2020 Revised 06 Dec 2020 Accepted 07 Dec 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15842/kjcp.2021.40.1.002

반추와 사회적 회피의 관계: 자기제시동기에 의해 조절된 정서적 소진의 매개효과
정민지 ; 김향숙
서강대학교 심리학과

The Relationship between Rumination and Social Avoidance: The Moderated Mediating Effect of Emotional Exhaustion and Self-Presentational Motivation
Minjee Jung ; Hyang Sook Kim
Department of Psychology, Sogang University, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence to : Hyang Sook Kim, Sogang University, Department of Psychology, 35 Baekbeom-ro, Mapo-gu, Seoul, Korea; E-mail: hyangkim@sogang.ac.kr

© 2021 Korean Clinical Psychology Association


본 연구에서는 스트레스 상황에서 사회적 회피를 보이는 현상에 주목하여, 반추와 정서적 소진과의 관계를 통합적으로 살펴보고자 하였다. 또한 자기제시동기가 사회적 회피에 이르는 기제에 어떤 역할을 하는지 함께 탐색하였다. 이를 위해 대학생 및 대학원생들에게 지각된 스트레스 척도를 실시하였으며, 점수가 16점 이상인 387명의 자료를 최종 분석에 사용하였다. 그 결과 첫째, 정서적 소진은 반추와 사회적 회피 간의 관계를 부분 매개하였다. 둘째, 정서적 소진과 사회적 회피 간의 관계를 자기제시동기가 조절하였다. 셋째, 반추와 사회적 회피의 관계에서 자기제시동기에 의해 조절된 정서적 소진의 매개효과가 유의한 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구를 통해 반추적 사고가 직접적으로 사회적 회피를 예측하는 동시에, 반추가 정서적 소진이라는 기제를 통해 사회적 회피를 유발할 수 있음을 확인하였다. 또한 스트레스 상황에서 반추로 인해 정서적으로 소진되었을 때, 타인에게 목적한 인상을 제시하고자 하는 동기가 강할수록 사회적 상호작용을 더 회피할 소지가 높다는 점이 시사되었다.


The present study focuses on the phenomenon of social avoidance in a stressful situation and examines an integrated model involving rumination and emotional exhaustion. In addition, this study investigates the role of self-presentational motivation in these mechanisms. For this purpose, undergraduate and graduate students were recruited to complete a survey. Data were collected from 387 students using the Perceived Stress Scale and the participants who scored 16 or more were included in the final analysis. First, the results show that emotional exhaustion partially mediated the relationship between rumination and social avoidance. Second, self-presentational motivation had a moderating effect on the relationship between emotional exhaustion and social avoidance. Third, the moderated mediating effect of self-presentational motivation, which moderates the mediating effect of emotional exhaustion, was significant in the relationship between rumination and social avoidance. This study depicts that ruminative thoughts may predict social avoidance directly, and also may influence social avoidance through the mechanism of emotional exhaustion. In addition, this study found that when individuals are emotionally exhausted as a result of rumination and they have a strong motivation to present the desired impression to others, they will show greater avoidance regarding social interaction.

Keywords: perceived stress, rumination, emotional exhaustion, social avoidance, self-presentational motivation
키워드: 지각된 스트레스, 반추, 정서적 소진, 사회적 회피, 자기제시동기

Author contributions statement

Minjee Jung, who was a graduate student at Sogang University and now is a clinical psychology trainee at Korea University Anam Hospital, generated the research idea, collected and analyzed data, and wrote the manuscript. Hyang Sook Kim, an associate professor at Sogang University, was involved with the conception and design of the study, supervised the data collection and interpretation, and edited the manuscript. All authors critically revised the manuscript and approved it for the final submission.

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