Korean Clinical Psychology Association

Current Issue

Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology - Vol. 39 , No. 4

[ Original Article ]
Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology - Vol. 39 , No. 4 , pp.287-295
ISSN: 2733-4538 (Online)
publication date 30 Nov 2020
Received 02 Jul 2020 Revised 27 Sep 2020 Accepted 27 Sep 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15842/kjcp.2020.39.4.003

불확실성이 사회불안 집단의 회피편향에 미치는 영향
손연주 ; 현명호
중앙대학교 심리학과

The Effects of Uncertainty on Avoidance Bias in Socially Anxious Individuals
Yeon-Joo Son ; Myoung-Ho Hyun
Department of Psychology, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence to : Myoung-Ho Hyun, Department of Psychology, Chung-Ang University, 84 Heukseok-ro, Dongjak-gu, Seoul, Korea; E-mail: hyunmh@cau.ac.kr
This work is based on the master’s thesis of the first author.


© 2020 Korean Clinical Psychology Association

초록

본 연구는 사회불안 집단의 얼굴표정에 대한 회피 경향성을 불확실성의 맥락으로 살펴봄으로써 불확실성이 사회불안을 겪는 사람의 접근과 회피행동에 미치는 영향에 대해 검증하고자 하였다. 이를 위해 대학생 409명 중 선별 기준에 따라 고사회불안 집단 27명과 저사회불안집단 28명을 연구대상으로 선정하였다. 사회불안이 높은 집단과 낮은 집단은 불확실 조건과 확실조건에 각각 무선할당하여 얼굴 표정사진에 대해 회피와 접근행동을 측정하는 AAT를 실시하였다. 분석결과, 분노표정에 대해 고사회불안 집단은 저사회불안 집단에 비해 더 낮은 음의 AAT 점수(회피경향성)를 보였으며, 불확실한 조건에 비해 확실한 조건에서 분노표정에 대해 더 높은 양의 AAT 점수(접근경향성)를 보였다. 본 연구는 불확실성과 사회불안장애의 관계를 얼굴표정에 대한 접근과 회피행동을 통해 확인하였으며, 사회불안의 연구에서 불확실성에 대한 인내력 부족의 중요성을 강조하였다. 마지막으로 연구의 임상적 함의와 제한점 및 후속 연구에 대한 제언을 논의하였다.

Abstract

This study aimed to explore the effects of uncertainty on approach and avoidance behavior in socially anxious individuals, focusing on emotional facial expressions. A total of 409 male and female students completed surveys measuring their levels of social anxiety. The high and low social anxiety groups each comprised 30 participants. Two groups were assigned to uncertain and certain conditions, and the Approach-Avoidance Task (AAT) was administered to measure avoidance and approach to facial expressions. The high social anxiety group showed a lower negative AAT score than the low social anxiety group and a higher positive AAT score for anger expression under certain conditions than uncertain conditions. In addition, the levels of intolerance of uncertainty and social anxiety predicted the levels of avoidance tendency. This study suggests the importance of uncertainty in the study of social anxiety. Clinical implications, limitations of the study, and suggestions for future research are discussed.


Keywords: social anxiety, uncertainty, avoidance bias, Approach-Avoidance Task (AAT)
키워드: 사회불안, 불확실성, 회피편향, 접근-회피과제(AAT)

Author contributions statement

SYJ, graduate student at Chung-Ang University, collected and analyzed data, and led manuscript preparation. HMH, professor at Chung-Ang University, supervised the research process. All authors provided critical feedback, participated in revision of the manuscript, and approved the final submission.


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