Korean Clinical Psychology Association

Current Issue

Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology - Vol. 39 , No. 3

[ Original Article ]
Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology - Vol. 39 , No. 3 , pp.242-256
ISSN: 2733-4538 (Online)
publication date 30 Aug 2020
Received 04 Mar 2020 Revised 01 Jul 2020 Accepted 06 Jul 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15842/kjcp.2020.39.3.004

주의 편향 수정 훈련이 사회불안 증상에 미치는 영향: 작업기억 용량을 중심으로
장한비 ; 이종선
강원대학교 심리학과

Do Effects of Attention Bias Modification Training Depend on Working Memory Capacity for Social Anxiety Symptoms?
Hanbi Jang ; Jong-Sun Lee
Department of Psychology, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, Korea
Correspondence to : Jong-Sun Lee, Department of Psychology, Kangwon National University, 1 Kangwondaehak-gil, Chuncheon, Korea; jongsunlee@kangwon.ac.kr


© 2020 Korean Clinical Psychology Association
Funding Information ▼

초록

본 연구는 사회불안 증상 경향성을 보이는 대학생들을 대상으로 주의 편향 수정 훈련을 실시하고, 훈련으로 인한 주의 편향 점수 및 사회불안 증상 개선의 정도가 개인의 작업 기억 용량 수준에 따라서 다르게 나타나는지 비교하였다. 사회불안 증상을 측정하는 척도인 SADS에서 64점 이상의 점수를 보고한 경우 사회불안 경향이 있는 것으로 간주하였다. 참가자들은 작업 기억 용량에 따라 높은 작업 기억(HWM) 집단(n=34), 중간 작업 기억(IWM) 집단(n=30) 그리고 낮은 작업 기억(LWM) 집단(n=35)으로 구분되었으며, 총 99명의 데이터를 분석에 사용하였으며, 주의 편향 수정 훈련의 효과는 주의 편향 점수(ABS) 및 사회불안 증상 척도(SADS, SIAS, SPS, B-FNE)에서의 변화 정도로 확인하였다. 주의 편향 수정 훈련은 1회기로 실시하였으며, 훈련 전과 후에 ABS 및 사회불안 증상들을 측정하였다. 연구 결과, 주의 편향 수정 훈련 전에 비해서 훈련 후 ABS, SADS, SIAS, SPS 그리고 B-FNE이 유의하게 감소하였다. 이는 주의 편향 수정 훈련이 사회불안 증상을 감소시키는 데 효과가 있었다는 것을 의미한다. 또한 훈련 후에 작업 기억 용량이 높을수록 SADS, SIAS, SPS, 그리고 B-FNE에서 더 많은 감소를 보였다. 이는 주의 편향 수정 훈련의 효과가 작업 기억 용량에 따라서 달라질 수 있다는 것을 시사한다. 마지막으로 본 연구의 의의 및 제한점에 대해 논의하였다.

Abstract

This study examined Attention Bias Modification (ABM) training for college students’ with social anxiety tendencies and compared the degree of improvement of social anxiety symptoms and attention bias scores depending on the level of working memory capacity. Social avoidance and distress scale (SADS) was used to measure social anxiety symptoms, and scores above 64 in were considered as having social anxiety tendencies. Participants were divided into high, intermediate, and low working memory groups, depending on their working memory capacity. A total of 99 data points were used for analysis. The effects of ABM training were identified as changes in the attention bias scores (ABS) and the social anxiety symptom scales (SADS, SIAS, SPS, B-FNE). The ABM training was conducted in a single session, and the ABS and social anxiety symptoms were measured before and after the training. The results showed that ABS, SADS, SIAS, SPS, and B-FNE significantly decreased after training. This means that ABM training was effective in reducing social anxiety symptoms. In addition, after training, the higher the working memory capacity, the greater the decrease in SADS, SIAS, SPS, and B-FNE. This suggests that the effects of ABM training may vary depending on working memory capacity. Finally, the therapeutic implications and limitations of this study are discussed.


Keywords: social anxiety, attention bias modification, working memory capacity, spatial cueing task, self-ordered pointing task (SOPT)
키워드: 사회불안, 주의 편향 수정, 작업기억 용량, 공간단서과제, 자기 순서 지시 과제(SOPT)

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) (No. 2018R1C1B5043272).

This study was adapted from the first author’s Master’s Thesis.

Author contributions statement

Han-bi Jang, a graduate student at Kangwon National University, who is now an intern counselor at Kangwon National University’s Student Life Counseling Center, designed the study, collected, and analyzed the data, and led manuscript preparation. Jong-sun Lee, an assistant professor at Kangwon National University, served as the principal investigator of the research grant and supervised all the research process. All authors provided critical feedback, participated in the revision of the manuscript, and approved the final submission.


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