Korean Clinical Psychology Association

Current Issue

Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology - Vol. 39 , No. 3

[ Original Article ]
Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology - Vol. 39 , No. 3 , pp.231-241
ISSN: 2733-4538 (Online)
publication date 30 Aug 2020
Received 21 Apr 2020 Revised 08 Jun 2020 Accepted 13 Jun 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15842/kjcp.2020.39.3.003

사회불안과 군집 시선 지각의 편향
강진원 ; 양재원
가톨릭대학교 심리학과

Perceptual Bias of a Crowds’ Gaze in Social Anxiety
Jin-Won Kang ; Jae-Won Yang
Department of Psychology, The Catholic University of Korea, Bucheon, Korea
Correspondence to : Jae-Won Yang, Department of Psychology, The Catholic University of Korea, 43 Jibong-ro, Wonmi-gu, Bucheon, Korea; E-mail: jwyang@catholic.ac.kr


© 2020 Korean Clinical Psychology Association

초록

사회불안은 타인의 부정적 평가에 대한 두려움과 관찰되는 것에 대한 두려움을 특징으로 하는 정서이다. 본 연구는 사회불안과 얼굴 군집자극에서의 시선 지각에 대한 인지편향을 탐색하고자 하였다. 대학(원)에 재학 중인 100명의 학생을 대상으로 사회불안과 우울의 정도를 자기보고식 설문으로 측정하고, 컴퓨터를 이용한 과제를 실시하였다. 실험 과제에서 참가자들은 500 ms동안 제시된 8명의 시선이 전반적으로 자신을 쳐다보고 있는지 판단하는 일련의 시행들을 반복하였다. 이때 얼굴 자극은 행복, 분노, 중립의 정서를 보였으며, 정면과 측면을 쳐다보는 비율을 7가지 수준으로(1:7, 2:6, 3:5, 4:4, 5:3, 6:2, 7:1) 다양하게 제시하였다. 이에 대한 반응을 누적정규분포함수에 모형 맞춤하여 전반적으로 자신을 쳐다본다고 판단하는 주관적 동등점을 산출하였다. 사회불안 수준과 주관적 동등점간 관계를 확인하기 위해 시행한 상관분석 결과, 이 둘 간에는 유의한 부적 상관을 보였다. 이러한 경향은 우울을 통제한 경우에도 유지되었다. 특히 분노와 중립의 표정일 경우 상관계수는 더욱 컸다. 이는 사회불안이 높을수록 다른 사람들이 전반적으로 자신을 쳐다본다고 판단하는 경향이 있고, 이러한 경향성이 자극의 정서가 중립과 분노일 때 더욱 두드러진다는 것을 시사한다.

Abstract

Social anxiety is an emotion characterized by the fear of other people’s negative evaluation and a fear of being observed. The purpose of this study was to investigate the cognitive bias of gaze perception in social anxiety and facial cluster stimulation. For 100 university students, the degrees of social anxiety and depression were measured using self-report questionnaires followed by conducting computer-based task through which participants repeated a series of trials to determine if eight people's eyes, presented over 500ms, were generally looking straight at them. The respective facial stimulations showed joy, anger, and a neutral emotion, and the front and side were presented in seven ratios (1:7, 2:6, 3:5, 4:4, 5:3, 6:2, 7:1). The responses were used to calculate a point of subjective equality (PSE) at which participants generally considered themselves to be looked at by others by a curve fitting a cumulative normal distribution function. A correlation analysis conducted to identify the relationship between the level of social anxiety and subjective equivalence showed a significant negative correlation between the two. This trend was maintained even when depression was statistically controlled. In particular, the correlation coefficient was greater for anger and neutral expressions, suggesting that the higher the level of social anxiety, the greater the tendency to judge others as looking at oneself, and that this tendency is more pronounced when the stimulus is neutral or angry.


Keywords: social anxiety, gaze perception, facial expression, point of subjective equality
키워드: 사회불안, 시선 지각, 얼굴표정, 주관적 동등점

Acknowledgments

This paper was presented at the conference of Korean Clinical Psychology Association, November, 2019, Gyeonggi.

Author contributions statement

JWK, a graduate student at the Catholic University of Korea, collected and analyzed data, and led manuscript preparation, and JWY, an associate professor at the Catholic University of Korea, supervised the research process. Both authors participated in the revision of the manuscript and approved the final submission.


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