Korean Clinical Psychology Association

Current Issue

Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology - Vol. 39 , No. 2

[ Original Article ]
Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology - Vol. 39 , No. 1 , pp.45-52
ISSN: 2733-4538 (Online)
publication date 28 Feb 2020
Received 09 Sep 2019 Revised 22 Nov 2019 Accepted 23 Nov 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15842/kjcp.2020.39.1.005

스마트폰 중독 경향성 집단의 스마트폰 관련 자극에 대한 접근편향
손연주 ; 현명호
중앙대학교 심리학과

Approach Bias Towards Smartphone-relevant Stimulus in a Smartphone Addiction Tendency Group
Yeonjoo Son ; Myoung-Ho Hyun
Department of Psychology, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence to : Myoung-Ho Hyun, Department of Psychology, Chung-Ang University, 84 Heukseok-ro, Dongjak-gu, Seoul, Korea; E-mail: hyunmh@cau.ac.kr


© 2020 Korean Clinical Psychology Association

초록

본 연구에서는 접근-회피 과제를 통해 스마트폰 중독 경향성 집단의 접근 편향성을 확인하고자 하였다. 이를 위해 대학생 183명 중 스마트폰 중독 경향 고저로 스마트폰 중독 경향성 집단 27명과 일반 사용자 집단 27명을 선정하였고, 접근-회피과제를 실시한 후, 회피반응시간과 접근반응시간을 각각 측정하였다. 실험 결과, 스마트폰 중독 경향성 집단은 일반 사용자 집단보다 스마트폰 관련 자극에 대해 유의하게 접근 편향성이 높았으며, 중립 사물 사진에서는 집단 간 차이가 없었다. 추가적으로 스마트폰에 대한 갈망 수준과 스마트폰 중독 수준은 스마트폰에 대한 접근편향을 각각 유의하게 예측하였다. 본 연구에서는 스마트폰 중독 경향성 집단의 스마트폰 관련 자극에 대한 접근편향성을 접근-회피 과제를 통해 확인하였다. 마지막으로 연구의 임상적 함의와 제한점 및 후속 연구에 대한 제언을 논의하였다.

Abstract

This study aimed to explore approach bias among individuals with the tendency of having a smartphone addiction. There were 183 male and female students who completed surveys that measured their level of addiction. The smartphone addiction and non-adddiction groups each comprised 27 participants. The approach-avoidance task (AAT) was administered to measure the avoidance and approach reaction time. The smartphone addiction group showed a higher tendency of having an approach bias towards smartphone-related stimulus than the non-addiction group, while no difference was found in the group of neutral stimulus. In addiction, the level of smartphone cravings and addiction predicted the level of approach bias towards smartphone-relevant stimulus. This study suggests the prevalence of approach bias in the smartphone addiction group through the AAT. Clinical implications, limitations of the study, and suggestions for future research are discussed.


Keywords: smartphone addiction, Approach-Avoidance Task (AAT), smartphone craving, approach bias
키워드: 스마트폰 중독, 접근-회피과제, 스마트폰 갈망, 접근편향성

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the Graduate Fellowship in 2018.


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