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|[ Original Article ]|
|Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology - Vol. 39 , No. 1
|ISSN: 2733-4538 (Online)|
| publication date 28 Feb 2020|
|Received 02 Oct 2019 Revised 08 Nov 2019 Accepted 09 Dec 2019|
|자살 심상 척도의 개발 및 타당화|
고선주 ; 유성은 †
Development and Validation of the Suicidal Imagery Questionnaire
Seonju Ko ; Sungeun You†
|Department of Psychology, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Korea|
|Correspondence to : †Sungeun You, Department of Psychology, Chungbuk National University, 1 Chungdae-ro, Seowon-gu, Cheongju, Korea; E-mail: email@example.com|
© 2020 Korean Clinical Psychology Association
Funding Information ▼
자살 심상은 자살 행동과 관련하여 마음속에 떠올리는 이미지 또는 정신적 표상으로 정의된다. 본 연구에서는 자살 심상을 평가할 수 있는 자기보고식 척도를 개발하고 척도의 신뢰도와 타당도를 검증하였다. 먼저 선행연구를 기반으로 자살 심상의 주요 구성요소로 자발적 자살 심상, 침습적 자살 심상, 자살 심상의 생생함과 몰입의 세 가지 영역을 측정하는 21개의 예비문항을 개발하였다. 연구 1 결과, 자발적 자살 심상과 침습적 자살 심상으로 구성된 2요인 구조가 자료에 가장 잘 부합하였고, 생생함과 몰입 요인은 제거되었다. 연구 2에서 이 2요인 구조는 탐색적 요인분석과 확인적 요인분석을 통해 재확인되었고, 그 결과 10개 문항이 최종 선정되었다. 10문항, 2요인으로 이루어진 자살 심상 척도의 내적일치도와 2주 간격으로 실시된 검사-재검사 신뢰도는 우수하였고, 수렴타당도, 변별타당도, 준거타당도가 모두 적합하였다. 본 연구의 결과는 자살 심상 척도가 자살 심상을 측정하는 신뢰롭고 타당한 척도임을 시사한다.
Suicidal imagery refers to an image or mental representation related to suicidal behavior. This study aims to develop a self-report measure of suicidal imagery, named the Suicidal Imagery Questionnaire (SIQ). In study 1, 21 items were developed based on previous research to measure three sub-components of suicidal imagery: spontaneous suicidal imagery, intrusive suicidal imagery, and vividness or preoccupation with suicidal imagery. Factor analysis supported a two-factor structure that included spontaneous suicidal imagery and intrusive suicidal imagery. The vividness or preoccupation factor was excluded. In study 2, the two-factor structure of suicidal imagery was confirmed in a separate sample of community adults and 10 items were included in the instrument. The 10-item self-report questionnaire of suicidal imagery had good internal consistency and test-retest reliability (after a two-weeks interval). The questionnaire had also good convergent and discriminant validity, as well as criterion-related validity. Overall, the SIQ is a reliable and valid assessment tool for suicidal imagery.
|Keywords: suicidal imagery, suicidal imagery questionnaire, spontaneous suicidal imagery, intrusive suicidal imagery
키워드: 자살 심상, 자살 심상 척도, 자발적 자살 심상, 침습적 자살 심상
This work was supported by the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Korea and the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2016S1A5A2A03926071).
This work is based on the master’s thesis of the first author.
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