Korean Clinical Psychology Association

Current Issue

Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology - Vol. 39 , No. 1

[ Original Article ]
Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology - Vol. 39 , No. 1 , pp.1-14
ISSN: 2733-4538 (Online)
publication date 28 Feb 2020
Received 02 Oct 2019 Revised 08 Nov 2019 Accepted 09 Dec 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15842/kjcp.2020.39.1.001

자살 심상 척도의 개발 및 타당화
고선주 ; 유성은
충북대학교 심리학과

Development and Validation of the Suicidal Imagery Questionnaire
Seonju Ko ; Sungeun You
Department of Psychology, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Korea
Correspondence to : Sungeun You, Department of Psychology, Chungbuk National University, 1 Chungdae-ro, Seowon-gu, Cheongju, Korea; E-mail: syou@chungbuk.ac.kr


© 2020 Korean Clinical Psychology Association
Funding Information ▼

초록

자살 심상은 자살 행동과 관련하여 마음속에 떠올리는 이미지 또는 정신적 표상으로 정의된다. 본 연구에서는 자살 심상을 평가할 수 있는 자기보고식 척도를 개발하고 척도의 신뢰도와 타당도를 검증하였다. 먼저 선행연구를 기반으로 자살 심상의 주요 구성요소로 자발적 자살 심상, 침습적 자살 심상, 자살 심상의 생생함과 몰입의 세 가지 영역을 측정하는 21개의 예비문항을 개발하였다. 연구 1 결과, 자발적 자살 심상과 침습적 자살 심상으로 구성된 2요인 구조가 자료에 가장 잘 부합하였고, 생생함과 몰입 요인은 제거되었다. 연구 2에서 이 2요인 구조는 탐색적 요인분석과 확인적 요인분석을 통해 재확인되었고, 그 결과 10개 문항이 최종 선정되었다. 10문항, 2요인으로 이루어진 자살 심상 척도의 내적일치도와 2주 간격으로 실시된 검사-재검사 신뢰도는 우수하였고, 수렴타당도, 변별타당도, 준거타당도가 모두 적합하였다. 본 연구의 결과는 자살 심상 척도가 자살 심상을 측정하는 신뢰롭고 타당한 척도임을 시사한다.

Abstract

Suicidal imagery refers to an image or mental representation related to suicidal behavior. This study aims to develop a self-report measure of suicidal imagery, named the Suicidal Imagery Questionnaire (SIQ). In study 1, 21 items were developed based on previous research to measure three sub-components of suicidal imagery: spontaneous suicidal imagery, intrusive suicidal imagery, and vividness or preoccupation with suicidal imagery. Factor analysis supported a two-factor structure that included spontaneous suicidal imagery and intrusive suicidal imagery. The vividness or preoccupation factor was excluded. In study 2, the two-factor structure of suicidal imagery was confirmed in a separate sample of community adults and 10 items were included in the instrument. The 10-item self-report questionnaire of suicidal imagery had good internal consistency and test-retest reliability (after a two-weeks interval). The questionnaire had also good convergent and discriminant validity, as well as criterion-related validity. Overall, the SIQ is a reliable and valid assessment tool for suicidal imagery.


Keywords: suicidal imagery, suicidal imagery questionnaire, spontaneous suicidal imagery, intrusive suicidal imagery
키워드: 자살 심상, 자살 심상 척도, 자발적 자살 심상, 침습적 자살 심상

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Korea and the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2016S1A5A2A03926071).

This work is based on the master’s thesis of the first author.


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