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|[ Original Article ]|
|Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology - Vol. 38 , No. 2
|ISSN: 2733-4538 (Online)|
| publication date 31 May 2019|
|Received 27 Nov 2018 Revised 31 Jan 2019 Accepted 19 Feb 2019|
|감사개입이 대학생의 취업스트레스 및 정신건강변인들에 미치는 효과 및 매개변인으로서 삶의 의미|
권혁우 1 ; 조용래 1, 2, †
Effects of Gratitude Intervention on Job-Seeking Stress and Mental Health Variables and Meaning in Life as Its Mediator
Hyukwoo Kwon1 ; Yongrae Cho1, 2, †
|1Department of Psychology, Hallym University, Chuncheon, Korea|
|2Hallym Institute for Applied Psychology, Chuncheon, Korea|
|Correspondence to : †Yongrae Cho, Department of Psychology, Hallym University, 1 Hallimdaehak-gil, Chuncheon, Korea; E-mail: email@example.com|
© 2019 Korean Clinical Psychology Association
본 연구는 감사개입이 대학생의 취업불안과 학업스트레스 및 정신건강변인들을 개선하는 데 효과적인지 검증하고자 하였다. 또한 그 작용기제를 규명하기 위해, 선행연구와 문헌들에 기초하여, 본 연구에서는 삶의 의미를 잠정적인 매개변인으로 상정하고 그 효과를 검토하였다. 취업스트레스를 호소하고 본 연구에 참여하기로 동의한 대학생들을 대상으로 감사개입과, 그 비교조건으로 심리교육을 제공하였다. 감사개입 집단(17명)과 심리교육 집단(20명)의 참가자들은 각 집단의 목적에 상응하는 4회기의 처치를 받았다. 연구 결과, 감사개입은 심리교육에 비해 취업불안 스트레스, 학업 스트레스, 우울증상, 지각된 스트레스를 완화하고, 삶의 만족, 정신적 웰빙 및 행복을 증진하는 데 더 효과적이었다. 더불어, 학업 스트레스에 대한 감사개입의 효과는 삶의 의미의 증진에 의해 완전매개되었고, 지각된 스트레스, 삶의 만족, 정신적 웰빙 및 행복에 대한 감사개입의 효과는 삶의 의미의 증진에 의해 부분매개되었다. 결론적으로, 이러한 결과들은 감사개입이 대학생의 취업스트레스와 여러 가지 정신건강변인들을 개선하는 데 효과적이라는 점과, 이러한 효과들은 삶의 의미의 증진에 의해 매개될 가능성을 시사한다. 끝으로, 본 연구의 이론적 및 실제적 의의와 제한점에 관하여 논의하였다.
The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy of a gratitude intervention for reducing job seeking stress and improving mental health variables among undergraduate students. Moreover, to shed light on its mechanism of action, we proposed and examined meaning in life as a potential mediator of treatment efficacy, based on literature review. A gratitude intervention was provided to undergraduate students who suffered from job-seeking stress and had agreed to participate in the study. A comparison group was given psycho-education. Both participants in the gratitude intervention (n=17) and in the psychoeducation conditions (n=20) received four-session interventions corresponding to the purpose of each condition. Compared with the participants in the psycho-education condition, those in the gratitude intervention condition demonstrated a decrease in job-seeking anxiety, academic stress, depressive symptoms, and perceived stress, as well as an increase in life satisfaction, mental well-being, and happiness. Moreover, improvement in meaning in life partially mediated the efficacy of the gratitude intervention on perceived stress, life satisfaction, mental well-being, and happiness, and also fully mediated its efficacy on academic stress. These results suggest that gratitude intervention is an efficacious intervention for job-seeking stress and various mental health variables among undergraduate students, and that its efficacy may be mediated through increase in meaning in life. Finally, theoretical and practical implications and limitations of the study’s findings are discussed.
|Keywords: gratitude intervention, job-seeking stress, meaning in life, happiness, mental health
키워드: 감사개입, 취업스트레스, 삶의 의미, 행복, 정신건강
This article has been produced in part from the master's thesis of the first author, taken under supervision of the second author.
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