Korean Clinical Psychology Association

Current Issue

Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology - Vol. 38 , No. 3

[ Original Article ]
Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology - Vol. 38 , No. 2 , pp.145-156
ISSN: 2466-197X (Online)
publication date 31 May 2019
Received 03 Aug 2018 Revised 10 Jan 2019 Accepted 20 Feb 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15842/kjcp.2019.38.2.002

우울성향 대학생의 미래에 대한 긍정적 생각과 자살사고의 관계
박승진 ; 이훈진
서울대학교 사회과학대학 심리학과

The Relationship between Positive Future Thinking and Suicidal Ideation in Depressed College Students
Sung-Jin Park ; Hoon-Jin Lee
Department of Psychology, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence to : Hoon-Jin Lee, Department of Psychology, Seoul National University, 1 Gwanak-ro, Gwanak-gu, Seoul, Korea; E-mail: hjlee83@snu.ac.kr


© 2019 Korean Clinical Psychology Association

초록

대학생 우울성향 집단을 대상으로 미래 사고 과제(future thinking task)로 측정한 긍정적 미래 사고의 부족이 부정적 미래 사고, 우울 및 무망감과는 독립적으로 자살사고에 고유한 영향을 미칠 것이라는 가설을 검증하였다. 또한 긍정적 미래 사고의 내용, 구체성 및 범주의 다양성이 자살사고와 어떠한 관련을 맺는지 탐색하고자 하였다. 우울성향 대학생 64명을 대상으로 사전에 우울척도인 CES-D, 벡 절망 척도(K-BHS)와 자살사고 척도(SIQ)에 응답하게 했다. 미래 사고 과제를 실시한 후 본인이 보고한 미래의 긍정적 경험 중 3가지를 골라 구체적으로 적도록 지시하였다. 긍정적 미래 사고의 정도는 부정적 미래 사고와 유의한 정적 상관을 나타냈지만, 우울, 무망감 및 자살사고와는 유의한 부적 상관을 보였다. 또한, 긍정적 미래 사고는 부정적 미래 사고, 우울 및 무망감을 통제한 뒤에도 자살사고에 독립적으로 영향을 미쳤다. 긍정적 미래 사고의 내용 중 대인관계 영역은 자살사고와 유의한 부적 상관을, 개인내적 영역은 유의한 정적 상관을 나타냈고, 긍정적 미래 사고의 구체성은 자살사고와 유의한 정적 상관을 나타냈지만 우울 정도를 통제한 뒤에는 유의하지 않았다. 본 연구의 이론적∙임상적 함의와 제한점을 논의하였다.

Abstract

The present study examined whether positive future thinking would have a significant unique impact on suicidal ideation independently from negative future thinking, depression and hopelessness in depressed college students by using Future Thinking Task. Additionally, the relationships among the content, specificity, category variety of positive future thinking and suicidal ideation were examined. Sixty-four self-reported depressed college students completed the CES-D, Korean version of Beck's hopelessness Scale (K-BHS) and Suicidal Ideation Scale (SIQ) in advance. They were asked to generate future expectancies using a Future Thinking Task, and their capacity to describe positive future expectations specifically was also assessed. Positive future thinking was independently associated with suicidal ideation. In addition, low levels of interpersonal and high levels of intrapersonal future thinking were correlated with suicidal ideation. The specificity of positive future thinking was negatively correlated with suicidal ideation. The results were discussed in terms of theoretical and clinical implications.


Keywords: future thought, future thinking task, suicidal ideation, depression
키워드: 미래에 대한 생각, 미래 사고 과제, 자살사고, 우울

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