Korean Clinical Psychology Association

Current Issue

Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology - Vol. 38 , No. 3

[ Original Article ]
Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology - Vol. 38 , No. 1 , pp.29-44
ISSN: 2466-197X (Online)
publication date 28 Feb 2019
Received 14 Sep 2018 Revised 31 Dec 2018 Accepted 31 Dec 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15842/kjcp.2019.38.1.003

스마트폰 중독 위험 대학생들의 스마트폰의 과다사용, 일상적 기능의 손상 및 정신건강에 대한 마음챙김에 기반을 둔 개입의 효능 및 자기조절력의 매개 역할
남수아 * ; 조용래 ; 노상선
한림대학교 심리학과

Efficacy of a Mindfulness-Based Intervention for Smartphone Overuse, Functional Impairment, and Mental Health among Undergraduate Students at Risk for Smartphone Addiction and the Mediating Role of Self-Regulation
Suea Nam* ; Yongrae Cho ; Sangsun Noh
Department of Psychology, Hallym University, Chuncheon, Korea
Correspondence to : Yongrae Cho, Department of Psychology, Hallym University, 1 Hallimdaehak-gil, Chuncheon, Korea; E-mail: yrcho@hallym.ac.kr
*She now works at Bomnae Hospital, Chuncheon.


© 2019 Korean Clinical Psychology Association

초록

스마트폰 중독에 대한 예방적 개입의 개발과 적용에 대한 필요성이 꾸준히 증가하고 있다. 이러한 필요성에 부응하여, 본 연구는 마음챙김에 기반을 둔 개입이 스트레스 관리 교육에 비하여, 대학생 스마트폰 중독 위험 집단의 스마트폰 과다사용, 일상적 기능의 손상 및 정신건강을 개선하는데 더 효과적인지를 검증하기 위하여 시행되었다. 아울러, 그 작용 기제를 규명하기 위하여, 선행연구와 문헌에 기초하여 자기조절력을 잠정적인 매개변인으로 상정하였다. 본 연구에 참여하기로 동의한 대학생들 중 스마트폰 중독 척도에 기초하여 위험 집단에 해당되는 40명이 총 4회기(주 1회, 1회에 약 1시간 30분 소요)로 구성된 마음챙김에 기반을 둔 개입 조건(21명)과 스트레스 관리 교육 조건(19명)에 배정되었다. 연구 결과, 마음챙김에 기반을 둔 개입은 스트레스 관리 교육에 비해 스마트폰 과다사용, 일상적 기능의 손상, 정신적 웰빙, 자기조절력, 우울 및 스트레스 증상을 개선하는 데 더 효과적이었다. 나아가, 스마트폰 과다사용과 일상적 기능의 손상에 대한 마음챙김에 기반을 둔 개입의 효과는 자기조절력의 향상에 의해 부분 매개되었고, 스트레스 증상에 대한 마음챙김에 기반을 둔 개입의 효과는 자기조절력의 향상에 의해 완전 매개되었다. 결론적으로, 이러한 결과들은 마음챙김 명상이 스마트폰 중독 위험 대학생들의 스마트폰 과다사용, 일상적 기능의 손상 및 정신건강을 개선하는 데 있어서 효과적인 개입이며, 이러한 효과가 자기조절력의 향상에 의해 매개될 가능성을 시사한다.

Abstract

The current research was conducted to examine the efficacy of a mindfulness-based intervention for reducing smartphone overuse and functional impairment and improving mental health among undergraduate students at risk for smartphone addiction. Moreover, to shed light on its mechanism of action, we proposed self-regulation as a potential mediator of treatment efficacy, based on literature review. Of the undergraduate students who agreed to participate in the study, 40 participants who were classified as being at-risk, based on the Smartphone Addiction Scale, were assigned to one of two conditions: mindfulness- based intervention (n=21) and stress management education (n=19). Both the interventions consisted of four 90-minute weekly sessions. Compared to the participants in the stress management education group, those in the mindfulness-based intervention group demonstrated a decrease in smartphone overuse, depression and stress symptoms, functional impairment, as well as an increase in mental well-being and self-regulation. Moreover, improvement in self-regulation partially mediated the efficacy of the mindfulness-based intervention on smartphone overuse and functional impairment, and also fully mediated its efficacy on stress symptoms. These results suggest that mindfulness-based meditation is a useful intervention for reducing smartphone overuse and functional impairment and improving mental health among undergraduate students at risk for smartphone addiction, and that its efficacy may be mediated through an increase in self-regulation.


Keywords: smartphone addiction, mindfulness-based intervention, self-regulation, functional impairment, mental well-being
키워드: 스마트폰 중독, 마음챙김에 기반을 둔 개입, 자기조절력, 일상적 기능의 손상, 정신적 웰빙

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