Korean Clinical Psychology Association
[ Article ]
Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology - Vol. 35, No. 1, pp.21-44
ISSN: 1229-0335 (Print) 2466-197X (Online)
Print publication date Feb 2016
Received 06 Jul 2015 Revised 09 Dec 2015 Accepted 18 Dec 2015

한국판 시각-운동 통합 검사(VMI-6) 표준화연구 : 신뢰도와 타당도를 중심으로

박도란1) ; 황순택1), ; 김지혜2) ; 홍상황3)
1)충북대학교 심리학과
2)성균관대학교 의과대학, 삼성서울병원
3)진주교육대학교 교육학과
Standardization of the VMI-6 : Reliability and Validity
Doran Bahk1) ; Soon-Taeg Hwang1), ; Ji-Hae Kim2) ; Sang-Hwang Hong3)
1)Department of Psychology, Chungbuk National University
2)Department of Psychiatry, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine
3)Department of Education, Chinju National University of Education

Correspondence to: Soon-Taeg Hwang, Department of Psychology, Chungbuk National University, 1 Chungdae-ro, Seowon-gu, Cheongju-si, Chungcheongbuk-do, Republic of Korea. E-mail: hstpsy@chungbuk.ac.kr

초록

본 연구는 Beery VMI-6(The Beery-Buktenica Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration, Sixth edition)의 한국판 표준화 연구의 일환으로 검사의 신뢰도, 타당도 및 임상적 유용성을 검증하고자 하였다. 2-90세 사이의 남녀 1,882명이 규준 표본에 포함되었으며, 구인 타당도 검증을 위해 지적장애 판정을 받은 144명을 추가로 모집하였다. 신뢰도 검증 결과 기우 반분 신뢰도, Cronbach’s α, 측정의 표준오차, 검사-재검사 신뢰도, 채점자간 일치도는 원판과 유사하거나 우수한 수준으로 나타나 본 검사의 신뢰도가 전반적으로 양호함을 확인하였다. 타당도 검증 결과 VMI-6는 BGT-Ⅱ와 높은 상관을 가졌으며, 한국판 시지각 발달검사, 한국판 웩슬러 기초학습기능검사의 관련 소검사들과 통계적으로 유의미한 상관을 보였다. 또한 VMI-6의 연령집단별 평균점수 변화는 시각-운동 통합 기능의 발달적 속성을 잘 반영하는 것으로 나타났고, 세 하위검사(시각-운동 통합 검사, 시지각 보충검사, 운동협응 보충검사)는 서로 높은 상관을 보여 하위검사들이 서로 관련된 기능을 측정한다는 것을 확인하였다. 정상집단과 지적장애 집단에게 아동용 및 성인용 웩슬러 지능검사, 바인랜드 적응행동검사를 실시한 결과 지적장애 집단에서 VMI-6와 각 검사 간의 높은 정적 상관이 나타났다. 마지막으로 정상집단과 지적장애 집단의 VMI-6 점수는 통계적으로 유의미한 차이를 보였다. 이러한 결과를 통해 본 VMI-6의 준거타당도와 구인 타당도를 폭넓게 확인할 수 있었다. 본 연구 결과는 VMI-6가 한국인의 시각-운동 통합 능력을 평가하는 신뢰롭고 타당한 검사임을 시사한다.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to standardize the Korean version of the Beery-Buktenica Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration, Sixth edition (Beery VMI-6) and to examine its reliability and validity. The subjects comprised 1,882 Koreans ranging in age from 2 to 90 years. In addition, 144 children and adults with intellectual disability were included for the construct validity study as a clinical sample. The VMI-6 demonstrated good to excellent internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and inter-rater reliability. For the criterion-related validity, the correlations with the BGT-II and the K-DTVP-2 ranged from low to reasonably high. Construct validity was supported by significant correlations with the K-WAIS-IV, the K-WISC-IV, the K-Vineland-II, and the K-WFA. Specifically, those tests and the VMI-6 subtests yielded high correlations within intellectual disability groups. In addition, scores from the clinical sample were significantly low, which provides important validity evidence for the VMI-6 as a screening test. This study confirmed that the VMI-6 has adequate reliability and validity for estimating visual-motor integration ability.

Keywords:

visual-motor integration, Beery VMI, VMI-6, reliability, validity

키워드:

시각-운동 통합, 신뢰도, 타당도

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