Korean Clinical Psychology Association
[ Original Article ]
Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology - Vol. 41, No. 2, pp.54-60
ISSN: 1229-0335 (Print) 2733-4538 (Online)
Print publication date 30 May 2022
Received 02 Dec 2021 Revised 18 Feb 2022 Accepted 11 Mar 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15842/kjcp.2022.41.2.002

Moderating Role of Mindsets in the Relationship between Depression and Mental Well-being among Psychiatric Patients

JeeWon Hong ; Gyhye Sung
Department of Psychiatry, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University, Seongnam, Korea

Correspondence to: Gyhye Sung, Department of Psychiatry, CHA Bundang Medical Center, 59 Yatap-ro, Bundang-gu, Seongnam, Korea; E-mail: sunggh82@chamc.co.kr

© 2022 Korean Clinical Psychology Association


In implicit theory, a fixed mindset is a belief that an individual’s characteristics are immutable, and a growth mindset is a belief that one’s characteristics are changeable through effort. This study aimed to analyze the moderating effect of mindset on the relationship between depression and mental well-being. To this end, the self-report questionnaire responses of 1,107 psychiatric patients were used. Their depression, mental well-being, and mindset for anxiety, intelligence, emotion regulation, and personality were measured. Correlation analysis was performed on the subtypes of mindset, depression, and mental well-being. In addition, we verified whether each mindset subtype moderated the relationship between depression and mental well-being. The results showed that all subtypes of mindset had a significant moderating effect on depression and mental well-being. The importance of therapeutic interventions, such as maintaining a stable level of mental health using various interventions for growth and fixed mindsets according to the depression level of psychiatric patients, was discussed.


mindsets, implicit theories, depression, well-being, mental health


This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

Author contributions statement

Gyhye Sung, a certified clinical psychologist at the Department of Psychiatry, CHA Bundang Medical Center, and JeeWon Hong, Clinical Psychology Resident, conducted the study and drafted the manuscript. JeeWon Hong performed the statistical analyses. All the authors approved the final manuscript.


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