Korean Clinical Psychology Association
[ Original Article ]
Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology - Vol. 39, No. 4, pp.309-324
ISSN: 1229-0335 (Print) 2733-4538 (Online)
Print publication date 30 Nov 2020
Received 14 Sep 2020 Revised 23 Oct 2020 Accepted 26 Oct 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15842/kjcp.2020.39.4.006

Post–COVID-19 시대의 새로운 정신건강서비스: 자폐범주성장애에의 적용 현황

정경미 ; 정은선
연세대학교 심리학과
New Mental Health Services in the Post–COVID-19 Era: Application of Technology-Based Approach to Autism Spectrum Disorders
Kyong-Mee Chung ; Chung, Eunsun
Department of Psychology, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea

Correspondence to: Eunsun Chung, Department of Psychology, Yonsei University, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, Korea; E-mail: eun930320@gmail.com

© 2020 Korean Clinical Psychology Association

초록

4차 산업혁명으로 간주되는 정보통신기술의 발전은 단기간에 모든 분야에 걸쳐 큰 변화를 초래하였다. COVID-19로 인한 대면활동의 제한은 임상심리학의 기술기반접근에 대한 필요성과 수요를 급격히 증대시킴과 동시에 요구도에 비해 턱없이 부족한 준비상황에 대한 현실을 직면하게 하였다. 기술기반 평가와 치료는 더 이상 선택이 아니며, 이미 적극적인 개발과 시도가 활발하다. 평가 측면에서 가장 두드러진 접근은 디지털 표현형으로, 모바일 도구를 이용한 다양한 측면의 대규모 자료 수집과 머신러닝에 근거한 분석기법에 기반하여 정신건강에 대한 평가, 진단 및 예측이 가능해지고 있다. 치료 측면에서 디지털 치료제는 이미 상용화가 활발하며 특히 최근에는 효과적인 의료기법으로 인정받기 시작했다. 본 연구에서는 임상심리학 연구 영역에서 기술기반연구가 상대적으로 활성화된 자폐성장애의 디지털 표현형과 치료제를 고찰하면서 Post–COVID-19 시대에 임상심리학의 위치를 재조명하였다. 고찰 결과, 디지털 표현형 관련 연구는 극히 드물어 방향성에 대한 고민이 필요하지만, 디지털 치료제는 효과성이 측정되고 있을 뿐 아니라 새로운 치료서비스로서의 가능성을 확인할 수 있었다. 급격하게 변화하는 사회와 기술발달 속도를 감안할 때 변화는 더 이상 우리의 선택이 아니며, 기술기반 평가와 치료라는 새로운 프레임의 전환에 대한 준비가 필요하다.

Abstract

Social distancing as a measure to stop the spread of COVID-19 has drastically increased the need for technology-based mental health services. However, resources for the psychological assessment and treatment of the public are extremely limited. Over the past two decades, advances in information and communication technology (ICT) have facilitated technologybased- mental health services, which are deemed the most prominent alternative to traditional face-to-face service delivery amid the pandemic. Both digital phenotyping and digital therapeutics have recently been introduced and actively investigated. In this study, existing research in digital phenotyping and digital therapeutics for autism spectrum disorder was reviewed as a sample to clarify the status of its field applications. Although the development of digital phenotyping is in its early stages, digital therapeutics have been actively and successfully implemented in the treatment field. Given the increasing need for mental health services after the COVID-19 outbreak, change is no longer optional. Thus, preparation for a new technology- based assessment and treatment framework is necessary.

Keywords:

Information and Communication Technology (ICT), digital phenotyping, digital therapeutics, Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), Post–COVID-19

키워드:

정보통신기술(ICT), 디지털 표현형, 디지털 치료제, 자폐 스펙트럼 장애(ASD), Post–COVID-19

Acknowledgments

This research was supported by a grant from the ICT Industry & Technology Development Project through the Institute for Information & communication Technology Planning & evaluation (IITP), funded by the National Research Foundation of Korea (Grant number: 2020-0-01965).

Author contributions statement

KMC, professor at Yonsei University, served as principal investigator of the research and supervised the research process. ESC, graduate student at Yonsei University, collected and analyzed data, and led manuscript preparation. Both authors wrote the manuscript, provided critical feedback, participated in revision of the manuscript, and approved the final submission.

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