Korean Clinical Psychology Association
[ Original Article ]
Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology - Vol. 39, No. 2, pp.87-97
ISSN: 1229-0335 (Print) 2733-4538 (Online)
Print publication date 30 May 2020
Received 25 Oct 2019 Revised 01 Feb 2020 Accepted 20 Feb 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15842/kjcp.2020.39.2.001

긍정적 자서전적 기억 회상이 우울집단의 슬픈 기분 개선에 미치는 효과

임지혜1 ; 이혜진2,
1조선대학교병원
2전남대학교 심리학과
The Effects of Positive Autobiographical Memory Recall in Repairing Sad Mood for Depressed Individuals
Jihye Lim1 ; Hyejeen Lee2,
1Chosun University Hospital, Gwangju, Korea
2Department of Psychology, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Korea

Correspondence to: Hyejeen Lee, Department of Psychology, Chonnam National University, 77 Yongbong-ro, Buk-gu, Gwangju, Korea; E-mail: hjl2013@chonnam.ac.kr

© 2020 Korean Clinical Psychology Association

초록

본 연구는 긍정적 자서전적 기억 회상이 우울집단의 슬픈 기분 개선에 미치는 영향을 알아보고자 하였다. 여대생을 우울집단(n=35)과 비우울집단(n=34)으로 선별한 후, 모든 참가자들에게 영상을 통해 슬픈 기분을 유도하였고 생리적 반응을 손가락혈류량(FPA)를 사용하여 측정하였다. 슬픈 기분 유도 후 참가자들은 자유회상(자유롭게 떠오르는 자서전적 기억 회상) 또는 지시회상(긍정적 지시 단어와 관련된 자서전적 기억 회상) 조건에 무선적으로 할당되어 개별적으로 실험이 진행되었다. 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 영상을 보는 동안 FPA가 감소하여 모든 참가자들에게 동일하게 슬픈 기분이 유도되었음이 확인되었다. 둘째, 두 집단 모두 자유회상보다 지시회상 조건에서 기분 개선의 효과가 더 컸다. 셋째, 지시회상 조건에서 비우울집단이 우울집단보다 기분 개선의 효과가 더 컸다. 이 같은 결과는 긍정적인 자서전적 기억을 회상하도록 직접적으로 지시하는 것이 슬픈 기분을 개선시키는 데 효과적이나, 우울집단은 비우울집단 만큼의 개선 효과는 나타나지 않았음을 의미한다. 위의 결과를 바탕으로 본 연구의 의의와 임상적 시사점에 대해 논의하였다.

Abstract

This study examined the effects of recalling positive autobiographical memories on repairing sad mood in depressed individuals. Sixty-nine female undergraduates were selected into either a depressed group (n=35) or a non-depressed group (n=34). Sad mood was induced by a film clip while activity in the autonomic nervous system was recorded using finger pulse amplitude (FPA). Following mood induction, each participant was randomly assigned to one of two recall conditions: (1) spontaneous recall in which participants were instructed to freely recall three autobiographical memories and (2) cue-directed recall in which participants were instructed to recall three memories cued by positive words such as “happy,” “thankful,” and “proud.” Results are as follows. First, FPA decreased during the film viewing as compared to the baseline, regardless of group or condition, which indicates that sad mood was equally induced across all participants. Second, both groups reported more positive mood in cue-directed recall than they did in spontaneous recall. Third, the non-depressed group showed greater mood improvement than the depressed group did in cue-directed recall. These results suggest that directly recalling positive autobiographical memories had an effect on repairing sad mood; however, it was more effective for non-depressed individuals.

Keywords:

autobiographical memory recall, depression, mood repair

키워드:

자서전적 기억 회상, 우울, 기분 개선

Acknowledgments

This work is based on the first author’s master’s thesis research.

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