Korean Clinical Psychology Association
[ Original Article ]
Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology - Vol. 38, No. 4, pp.357-368
ISSN: 1229-0335 (Print) 2466-197X (Online)
Print publication date 30 Nov 2019
Received 29 May 2019 Revised 03 Sep 2019 Accepted 01 Oct 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15842/kjcp.2019.38.4.002

일상적 우울이 임상적 우울로 발전하는 경로에 대한 모형탐색

최승원1 ; 김종남2 ; 이순묵3, ; 채정민4 ; 서동기5 ; 이혜림1 ; 김아란1 ; 이유진1
1덕성여자대학교 심리학과
2서울여자대학교 교육심리학과
3성균관대학교 심리학과
4서울사이버대학교 상담심리학과
5한림대학교 심리학과
Investigation of a Structural Model of the Development from Daily Depression to Dysfunctional Depression
Sungwon Choi1 ; Jong-Nam Kim2 ; Soonmook Lee3, ; Jungmin Chae4 ; Dong Gi Seo5 ; Hyerim Lee1 ; Aran Kim1 ; Yujin Lee1
1Department of Psychology, Duksung Women’s University, Seoul
2Department of Educational Psychology, Seoul Women’s University, Seoul
3Department of Psychology, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul
4Department of Counseling Psychology, Seoul Cyber University, Seoul
5Department of Psychology, Hallym University, Chuncheon

Correspondence to: Soonmook Lee, Department of Psychology, Sungkyunkwan University, 25-2 Seonggyungwan-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul, Korea; E-mail: smlyhl@chol.com

© 2019 Korean Clinical Psychology Association


본 연구는 대부분의 정상인들이 자연스럽게 경험할 수도 있는 우울경험인 ‘일상우울’과 임상적 수준의 ‘우울증’을 구별하고, 일상우울이 임상적 우울의 발생에 선행한다는 새로운 구조 모형의 타당성을 검증하기 위해 진행되었다. 이를 위해 제주도를 제외한 전국의 성인 남녀 440명을 대상으로 설문조사를 실시하였다. 일상우울의 예측요인으로 예상되는 스트레스지각, 사회경제적 지위, 사회적지지가 일상우울을 매개해 임상수준의 우울을 예측하는 관계모형을 검증한 결과, 우울 유발 변인이 일상우울을 설명하고 이것이 임상적 우울을 예측한다는 모형의 전반적인 적합도가 높게 나타났다. 이는 우울 유발 변인인 스트레스, 사회경제적 지위, 사회적지지가 일상우울을 예측한다는 본 연구의 가설과 일치하였다. 본 연구결과를 통해 일상우울이 역학적 우울의 발생을 예측하는 새로운 개념이 될 수 있다는 가능성이 확인되었으며, 이러한 일상우울 개념의 도입은 우울증 환자들에 대한 사회의 인식을 개선하는 데에도 기여할 수 있을 것으로 보인다. 또한 심리학자의 시각에서 정신병리를 바라본 드문 시도라는 점에서 그 의의가 있다.


This study was conducted to distinguish “daily depression,” a depression that most normal people tend to experience naturally, from “dysfunctional depression (including clinical depression),” and to verify the validity of a new structural model in which daily depression precedes the occurrence of clinical depression. To examine our hypothesis, a survey was conducted of 440 adult men and women throughout Korea, excluding Jeju Island. We verified a relationship model with stress perception, socio-economic status, and social support as predictors of normal depression, showing that 1) the overall fit measures of our model of the relationship of predictors with normal depression and dysfunctional depression and of the relationship between normal depression and dysfunctional depression were good, consistent with our hypothesis that causal factors such as stress, socioeconomic status, and social support also predict normal depression, and 2) these preceding variables affect dysfunctional depression directly and indirectly. This study confirmed the possibility that normal depression could be a new concept for predicting the occurrence of epidemiological depression, and the introduction of this concept could also help improve the perception of depression patients in our society. It is also meaningful as a rare attempt to understand mental disorder from a psychologist’s point of view.


depressive disorder, daily depression, dysfunctional depression


우울장애, 일상우울, 역기능적 우울


This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea Grant Funded by the Korean Government (NRF-2014S1A5A2A03064999).


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