Korean Clinical Psychology Association
[ Original Article ]
Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology - Vol. 38, No. 2, pp.215-236
ISSN: 1229-0335 (Print) 2466-197X (Online)
Print publication date 31 May 2019
Received 22 Nov 2018 Revised 05 Apr 2019 Accepted 18 Apr 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15842/kjcp.2019.38.2.007

근거기반 사회정서 강점(SEEDS) 척도의 타당화 연구

채드 에베수타니1, 2,
1덕성여자대학교 심리학과
2서울상담센터
The Social-Emotional, Evidence-based Developmental Strengths Questionnaire: A Reliability and Validity Study
Chad Ebesutani1, 2,
1Department of Psychology, Duksung Women’s University, Seoul
2Seoul Counseling Center, Seoul

Correspondence to: Chad Ebesutani, Department of Psychology, Duksung Women’s University, 33 Samyang-ro 144-gil, Dobong-gu, Seoul, Korea; E-mail: ebesutani@ duksung.ac.kr


© 2019 Korean Clinical Psychology Association

초록

본 연구는 근거기반 사회정서 강점행동 평가를 통해 아동·청소년의 정신건강 문제를 효과적으로 감소시키기 위한 목적으로 개발된 근거기반 사회정서 강점(Social-Emotional, Evidence-based Developmental Strengths, SEEDS) 척도의 신뢰도 및 타당도를 검증하고자 하였다. 국내 초·중·고등학생 총 1,033명이 설문과 척도의 타당화 과정에 참여하였다. 요인분석 결과 13요인 모형이 SEEDS 척도에 가장 적합하며, 상위 요인으로는 인지-행동-대인관계의 3요인 모형이 가장 적합한 것으로 나타났다. 모든 하위 척도의 신뢰도와 타당도 또한 검증되었다. SEEDS의 하위 척도들은 외현화 및 내현화 증상(우울, 불안, 분노 포함)과 유의한 부적 상관이 있었으며, 정적 정서와는 유의미하고 강한 정적 상관을 보였다. 이러한 결과는 SEEDS 척도가 측정하는 ‘근거기반 사회정서 강점행동’ 13개 영역이 정신건강 문제 감소에 기여할 뿐만 아니라, 아동 청소년의 행복과 웰빙 증진에도 도움이 될 것을 시사한다. 마지막으로, 본 연구의 제한점과 SEEDS 척도가 학교 및 임상 현장에서 활용될 수 있는 함의점을 논의하였다.

Abstract

This study validated the newly developed Social-Emotional, Evidence-based Developmental Strengths (SEEDS) Questionnaire. The SEEDS Questionnaire is the first questionnaire to comprehensively measure the social-emotional, evidence-based developmental strengths areas that have been found to be the most effective areas for reducing mental health problems in children and adolescents. A total of 1,033 Korean students in elementary through high school completed the SEEDS Questionnaire and validity measures. Factor analysis results supported the SEEDS Questionnaire 13-factor structure. The 3-factor higher-order Cognitive-Behavioral-Interpersonal model was also supported. Reliability and validity of all scale scores were also supported. The SEEDS subscales correlated significantly with externalizing and internalizing symptoms (including anxiety, depression, and anger) and with positive affect. These results highlight the role that the SEEDS Questionnaire may play in not only helping to reduce mental health problems, but also increasing well-being and positive engagement in children and adolescents’ lives. Study limitations and implications for enhancing support services in school and clinical settings via this new assessment are discussed.

Keywords:

social-emotional strength behaviors, evidence-based mental health areas, child and adolescent assessment, reliability, validity

키워드:

사회정서 강점행동, 근거기반 정신건강 영역, 아동 청소년용 척도, 신뢰도, 타당도

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Korea and the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2016S1A5A8019448).

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