Korean Clinical Psychology Association
[ Original Article ]
Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology - Vol. 37, No. 4, pp.558-572
ISSN: 1229-0335 (Print) 2733-4538 (Online)
Print publication date 30 Nov 2018
Received 24 Apr 2018 Revised 21 Aug 2018 Accepted 13 Sep 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15842/kjcp.2018.37.4.008

한국판 DSM-5 성격질문지(K-PID-5) 타당화: 반복연구

홍태화1 ; 황순택1, ; 김율리2
1충북대학교 심리학과
2인제대학교 서울백병원 정신건강의학과
Replication of a Validation Study on the Korean Version of the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (K-PID-5)
Tae-Hwa Hong1 ; Soon-Taeg Hwang1, ; Youl-Ri Kim2
1Department of Psychology, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju
2Department of Psychiatry, Seoul Paik Hospital, Inje University, Seoul, Korea

Correspondence to: Soon-Taeg Hwang, Department of Psychology, Chungbuk National University, 1 Chungdae-ro, Seowon-gu, Cheongju, Korea; E-mail: ekekek2004@hanmail.net The deceased Professor Soon-Taeg Hwang (12th December 1957–24th August 2018). Professor Hwang passed away after revision of this article. We all sincerely respected him who was a warm-hearted and most honorable scholar. He greatly contributed to the advance in Korean psychology, and built a foundation for the study on personality disorder. We express our deepest condolence to him.

© 2018 Korean Clinical Psychology Association


DSM-5 성격질문지(The Personality Inventory for DSM-5, PID-5)는 성격장애를 평가하기 위하여 DSM-5 Section III 성격장애의 핵심기준인 병리적 성격 특질을 반영하여 개발된 척도이다. DSM-5 성격질문지를 한국어로 번안하여 신뢰도와 타당도를 검증한 선행연구(Shin & Hwang, 2016)에서 영문판과는 불일치하는 요인구조가 나타났다. 본 연구는 선행연구에 사용된 문항들을 부분적으로 수정하여 요인구조를 재탐색하기 위해 수행되었다. 만 18세 이상의 성인 510명을 대상으로 수정된 한국판 PID-5(K-PID-5), 성격장애 진단검사, Personality Psychopathology Five(PSY-5) 척도, 그리고 NEO-Five Factor Inventory를 실시하였다. 수집된 자료로 신뢰도를 확인한 결과 내적합치도와 검사-재검사 신뢰도는 적절한 수준으로 나타났다. 탐색적 및 확인적 요인분석 결과 영문판과 거의 동일한 요인구조로 나타났다. 또한 성격장애 진단검사, PSY-5 척도, NEO-FFI의 관련 변인들과 통계적으로 유의한 상관관계를 보였다. 본 반복연구 결과는 선행연구와는 달리 K-PID-5가 영문판과 거의 동일한 요인구조로 구성되어 있음을 보여주는 것이며, 또한 이 도구가 선행연구에서 확인한 바 DSM-5 Section III 성격병리에 대한 신뢰롭고 타당한 평가도구임을 재확인해주는 것이다.


The Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5) was developed to reflect pathological personality traits, a key criterion for Section III personality disorders. Previous study examined the validity of the Korean version of PID-5 (K-PID-5). They reported that some of factors in its structure were inconsistent with those of the English version of PID-5. The present study aimed to replicate the validity of a modified version of the K-PID-5, items of which were revised from the previous version of the K-PID-5. A sample of 510 adults completed the K-PID-5, the Korean Personality Disorders Test, the Personality Psychopathology Five (PSY-5), and the NEO-Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI). The results confirmed that the modified K-PID-5 had adequate test-retest reliability and construct validity. The K-PID-5 had a similar factor structure to that of the English version of PID-5. Additionally, it had significant correlations with the Korean Personality Disorders Test, PSY-5, and NEO-FFI. In conclusion, the modified K-PID-5 exhibited adequate reliability and validity for estimating DSM-5 Section III personality disorders.


personality, personality disorder, DSM-5 section III, K-PID-5, factor structure


성격, 성격장애, DSM-5 Section III, K-PID-5, 요인구조


This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea Grant funded by the Korean Government (Ministry of Education) (NRF-2016R1D1A1A09917877).


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