Korean Clinical Psychology Association
[ Original Article ]
Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology - Vol. 37, No. 2, pp.165-176
ISSN: 1229-0335 (Print) 2733-4538 (Online)
Print publication date 31 May 2018
Received 30 Nov 2017 Revised 25 Feb 2018 Accepted 26 Feb 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15842/kjcp.2018.37.2.004

고령자의 스마트기기 대화형 SNS 사용과 우울 간의 관계에서 자기효능감과 사회적지지의 매개 효과

최윤희 ; 김정규
성신여자대학교 심리학과
The Mediating Effects of Self-Efficacy and Social Support on the Relationship between Interactive SNS Usage of Smart Devices and Depression in the Elderly
Yunhui Chey ; Jungkyu Kim
Department of Psychology, Sungshin University, Seoul, Korea

Correspondence to: Yunhui Chey, Department of Psychology, Sungshin University, 2 Bomun-ro 34da-gil, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul, Korea; E-mail: yhchey@gmail.com

© 2018 Korean Clinical Psychology Association


본 연구는 스마트기기 대화형 SNS 사용 정도가 고령자 우울에 미치는 영향을 자기효능감과 사회적지지의 매개효과를 통해 살펴보았다. 스마트기기 사용 척도, 자기효능감 척도, 사회적지지 척도, 한국형 노인우울검사 및 인구통계학적 질문을 실시하였다. 총 254명의 자료가 수집되었으며, 최종 회귀분석에는 133명의 자료가 포함되었다. 본 연구의 결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 첫째, 스마트기기 사용 집단은 미사용 집단에 비해 우울수준이 낮고 자기효능감 수준이 높은 것으로 나타났다. 또한 스마트기기 대화형 SNS 사용은 우울수준을 낮추고 자기효능감을 높이는 데에 관련이 있는 것으로 나타났다. 둘째, 스마트기기 대화형 SNS 사용 정도는 자기효능감과 통계적으로 유의한 정적상관을 보였다. 또한 스마트기기 대화형 SNS 사용 정도, 자기효능감 및 지각된 사회적지지는 우울과 통계적으로 유의한 부적 상관을 보였다. 셋째, 스마트기기 대화형 SNS 사용 정도와 우울 간의 관계에서 자기효능감의 매개효과가 유의하였으나 사회적지지는 유의하지 않았다. 이러한 연구 결과를 종합하여 본 연구의 시사점과 의의, 제한점 및 후속연구 방향에 관하여 논의하였다.


The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between interactive SNS usage of smart devices and depression in the elderly; and to investigate the mediating effect of self-efficacy and social support on this relationship. A Smart Devices Usage Scale, Self-Efficacy Scale, Social Support Scale, Korean Form of Geriatric Depression Scale, and a Demographic Questionnaires surveys were conducted. A total of 254 cases were included in this study, with 133 cases being included in the final regression analysis. The results of the study are as follows: First, the smart devices using group experienced a lower level of depression, and a higher level of self-efficacy than the smart devices unused group. In addition, interactive SNS use of smart devices was shown to be related to increased self-efficacy and lower depression levels. Second, interactive SNS use of smart devices was found to have a statistically significant positive correlation with self-efficacy. Interactive SNS use of smart devices, self-efficacy, and perceived social support were found to have a statistically significant negative correlation with depression. Third, the mediating effect of self-efficacy on depression was statistically significant, but social support was not. The limitations of this study are discussed along with some suggestions for future research and strategies.


geriatric depression, SNS usage, self-efficacy, social support, mediating effect


노년기 우울, SNS 사용, 자기효능감, 사회적지지, 매개효과


This paper is a revision and amendment of the first author’s master’s thesis.


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