Korean Clinical Psychology Association
[ Review Article ]
Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology - Vol. 37, No. S1, pp.13-23
ISSN: 1229-0335 (Print) 2733-4538 (Online)
Print publication date 30 Apr 2018
Received 11 Apr 2018 Revised 25 Apr 2018 Accepted 27 Apr 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15842/kjcp.2018.37.S1.003

정신건강전문요원으로서의 임상심리학자의 현재와 미래

원성두1 ; 최선2 ; 배금예3 ; 배대석4, ; 이준석1
1계요의료재단 계요병원 임상심리과
2용인정신병원 임상심리과
3경북대학교병원 정신건강의학과
4영남대학교병원 정신건강의학과
Status and Future Direction of the Korean Clinical Psychologists as Mental Health Professionals
Sung-Doo Won1 ; Sun Choi2 ; Geum-Ye Bae3 ; Dai-Seg Bai4, ; Jun-Seok Lee1
1Keyo Hospital, Keyo Medical Foundation, Uiwang
2Department of Clinical Psychology, Yong-In Mental Hospital, Yongin
3Department of Psychiatry, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu
4Department of Psychiatry, Yeungnam University College of Medicine, Daegu, Korea

Correspondence to: Dai-Seg Bai, Department of Psychiatry, Yeungnam University College of Medicine, 170 Hyeonchung-ro, Nam-gu, Daegu, Korea; E-mail: mhtraining@kcp.or.kr

© 2018 Korean Clinical Psychology Association

초록

1995년 정신보건법의 제정으로 국내 임상심리학자는 국가가 발급하는 전문자격증을 취득해 국가 정신건강 사업에 참여할 수 있는 법적 지위를 얻게 되었다. 이를 통해서 임상심리학자가 정신건강전문요원 중 하나로 자리매김하게 되면서 전문가로서 진출할 수 있는 영역 및 활동 범위가 확대되었다. 2016년 정신보건법이 [정신건강증진 및 정신질환자 복지서비스 지원에 관한 법률]로 전면 개정됨에 따라 정신건강임상심리사의 역할이 다양해지고 이에 맞게 수련과정이 개편되었으며 자격 취득 후의 보수교육이 의무화되었다. 국내 정신건강임상심리사 제도의 역사, 주요 업무, 배출 현황 및 수련 실태를 살펴보고 향후 발전방향을 논의하였다. 특히 정신건강 시스템의 변화로 인해 발생한 현안 문제들을 고려할 때 정신건강임상심리사가 국가 전문자격증으로서 법적 지위를 지속적으로 보장받는 데 필요한 대안을 제시하였다.

Abstract

With the enactment of the Mental Health Act in 1995, Korean clinical psychologists have received government-certified licensure and have gained a legal position to actively take part in the national mental health project. As a result, clinical psychologists have become specialists in mental health, and the scope of their activities as experts has broadened. In addition, since the Mental Health Act was wholly amended to the Act on the Improvement of Mental Health and the Support for Welfare Services for Mental Patients in 2016, the role of the mental health clinical psychologists became more diverse, and the training system was also reformed. Therefore, we reviewed the history, main roles, status, and training environments of the mental health clinical psychologists in Korea and discussed future directions for further growth. Especially, to maintain legal status in government-certified licensure, we suggest some solutions to cope with critical challenges due to the altered mental health system.

Keywords:

clinical psychology, clinical psychologist, mental health clinical psychologist

키워드:

임상심리학, 임상심리학자, 정신건강임상심리사

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